Montana Medical Marijuana Card Legislation
In 2004, the Montana Medical Marijuana Allowance Initiative, otherwise known as I-148 was passed, allowing the use of medical marijuana for patients with debilitating medical conditions.
Later in the same year, the Senate passed Senate Bill 423, known as the Montana Marijuana Act. Within 3-months voters approved the Montana Medical Marijuana Initiative, known as I-182. This initiative removed many restrictions of SB 423 and added several medical conditions to their qualifying list for medical marijuana patients. By 2017 there were additional changes with SB 333, creating more detailed regulations and allowing additional chemical manufacturing of marijuana products, as well as adding a tax on gross sales of marijuana.
On November 3, 2020, the Marijuana Legalization and Tax Initiative, known as Montana I-190 was approved. This law legalized the possession and use of up to an ounce of marijuana with no more than 8 grams of marijuana in concentrated form for adults 21 and older. This law also imposed a 20% sales tax on marijuana and called for potential expungement or resentencing of crimes relating to marijuana.
Montana Medical Marijuana Cultivation & Possession Laws
As of January 1st, 2021 paraphernalia and up to 8 grams of marijuana concentrate is legal for adults 21 and older, which removed serious fines and penalties. Adults may grow up to 2 mature plants, and/or 2 seedlings per adult. Montana also imposes very strict rules around cultivating more than 2 mature plants of up to 1lb, or 30 plants, as this falls into a felony punishable up to 10 years in prison and a $50,000 fine.